Emmy Zweybrück-Prochaska

Biography

Book illustrations, wrapping papers, jewellery, textiles. Austrian-American. Born Emmy Zweybrück 4 April 1890 in Vienna. 1908-11: studied at the Vienna Kunstgewerbeschule. 1911-13: studied in the class of Koloman Moser. 1915: founded her own teaching studio, Werkstätte Zweybrück-Prochaska in Vienna. In charge of Austrian exhibitions and several international expositions and fairs in Europe. Designed for printers, wrapping-paper manufacturers and, before 1934, illustrated children’s books for Verlag Otto Beyer, Leipzig. From 1934: she first lived in New York; industrial commissions from Container Corporation of America, Neiman-Marcus, Eaton Paper and others. Worked for American Crayon Company where she was director of the textile studios and associated with the educational division. 1945: set up permanent demonstration studio in Rockefeller Center, New York (she was in charge of the studios in New York and Los Angeles). 1950s: edited the American Crayon journal Everyday Art. She was a member of the American Institute of Graphic Arts, Alumni Society of the California College of Arts and Crafts, Washington Art Association. Died 5 June 1956 in New York.

Writings by

  • Come and Play and Children and Animals, Whitman, WI, 1935
  • The Stencil Book, 1937
  • ‘The style of American Crayon’, Print, Sept./Oct. 1955, p. 45.

Writings about

  • ‘Die Kunstschule von Emmy Zweybrück-Wien’, Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration, journal of art, architecture, interior decoration., April-Sept. 1915, pp. 279-85, 295
  • Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration, journal of art, architecture, interior decoration., April-Sept. 1915, pp. 66-8 (embroidery and jewellery)
  • Jahrbuch des Deutschen Werkbundes, 1920 (embroidered cushion)
  • ‘Color to Neutra: The American Crayon Company in Los Angeles’, Interiors, Feb. 1952, pp. 84-91
  • ‘A program in Print. The American Crayon Company’, Print, Sept./Oct. 1955, pp. 33-45
  • Interiors, July 1956, p. 106 (obituary)
  • School Arts, Sept. 1956, 2 (obituary)
  • Vollmer, 1961
  • H.K. Frenzel, ‘Professor Emmy Zweybrüch’, Gebrauchsgraphik (International Advertising Art), Berlin: Phönix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH (later: ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’ Druck und Verlag GmbH), 1933-71. Published from Munich from 1950., Jan. 1936, pp. 12-13
  • Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie, Munich, London, New Providence: K.G. Saur 1995- (from 1997: Munich only)., 1999.
  • ‘Emmy Zweybrück, ihre Werkstätte und ihre Schule’, Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration, journal of art, architecture, interior decoration., Oct. 1918-March 1919, pp. 97-104
  • H.K. Frenzel, ‘Children’s books’, Gebrauchsgraphik (International Advertising Art), Berlin: Phönix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH (later: ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’ Druck und Verlag GmbH), 1933-71. Published from Munich from 1950., Feb. 1935, pp. 10-33, esp. pp. 30, 31 (Der Spielzeugschrank: The Toy Cupboard)