Jewish. Born 1901 in Hamburg. Studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Berlin, and later worked for the government as letterer and designer of scrolls of honour, formal addresses, etc. Studied Hebrew lettering resulting in the types Stam and Mayer-Baruch, both later issued by the Berthold typefoundry. Her work for the publisher Schocken resulted in the typeface Schocken-Baruch, issued by Monotype in 1949. November 1933: emigrated to Palestine where she designed inscriptional lettering and, in 1948, the first paper currency for the State of Israel and the Israeli passport. She also designed the typefaces Rachel and Rambam. 1953: lettered the text of Book of Jonah. Died 4 September 1989.
- ‘Modern Hebrew calligraphy and calligraphers’, Calligraphy Idea Exchange, autumn 1986, pp. 43-54 ,
- Calligraphy Review, Spring 1990, pp. 4-5 (obituary) ,
- ‘German Jews and the Graphic Arts’, Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook XXXIV, London: Secker & Warburg, 1989. , 1989 and ,
- Buchgestaltung im Exil 1933-1950. Eine Ausstellung des Deutschen Exilarchivs 1933-1945 Der Deutschen Bibliothek. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2003. Very comprehensive. , 2003, biog.: pp. 142-3. and others,