Born 18 March 1920 in Hamburg. From 1938: worked in a design studio. To December 1939: studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna. From 1940: military service, ending (1945?) in a prisoner-of-war camp. 1947-51: studied typography under Oskar Zech at the newly re-opened Leipzig Kunsthochschule (later: Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst [HGB]). From 1953: research assistant at the HGB; began to design books at the school. Designed typographic ornaments for the typefoundry Ludwig Wagner KG, Leipzig. From 1955: assistant to Albert Kapr, head of the newly-founded Institut für Buchgestaltung (book design) at the HGB. From 1958: lecturer, and director of Typography department at the HGB (1964: professor). 1968-73: director of the book design department, HGB. 1977: Chairman, Internationale Buchkunst-Ausstellung, Leipzig. 1981-5: director of the Institut für Buchgestaltung, HGB. He was one of the most influential designers in East Germany. Schiller won international prizes for his book design work including first prize in the Moscow book exhibition celebrating the centenary of Lenin’s birth, and a gold medal at the Leipzig International Book Exhibition in 1971.
- Gestalt und Funktion der Typografie (with ), Leipzig: VEB Fachbuchverlag, 1977, 1981
- ‘Gedanken zur Buchkunst in der DDR’, Bildende Kunst, 1969, pp. 378-81 ,
- Walter Schiller (exh. cat.), Lindenau: Staatliches Lindenau-Museum, 1985 (inc. bibliography)
- Internationale Ausstellungspavillon, Berlin, 1969 (group)
- Staatliches Lindenau-Museum, Lindenau, 1985
- Neubau der Badischen Landesbibliothek, Karlsruhe, 1991.