Gerd Arntz

Biography

Information graphics, illustration. Born 11 December 1900 in Remscheid. 1918: military service. From 1919: trained at the Düsseldorf Kunstschule: a teacher was Lothar von Kunowski . From 1922: worked in a bookshop in The Hague. 1924-8: freelance designer in Düsseldorf. 1926: political woodcuts for the journal Die proletarische Revolution. By 1929 he was in Vienna working with Otto Neurath (1882-1945) on the latter’s ‘Viennese Method’ (Isotype) of designing pictograms, i.e. illustrated statistics; from Vienna he worked on a bis z, the journal of the Cologne Progressives. From 1929: head of graphic design, Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftsmuseums, Vienna. 1933: Neurath and Arntz spent four months in Moscow training graphic designers in the method at Isostat, the economic information institute; met Tatlin and El Lissitzky . August 1934: concerned by the ominous political situation in Germany and Austria, Neurath and Arntz emigrated to The Hague (where Arntz adopted the pseudonym ‘A. Dubois’ ). Their work continued at the Mundaneum Den Haag/Stichting voor Beeldpedagogie, but upon the Nazi invasion in 1940 Neurath fled to England (where he co-founded the Isotype Institute). Arntz continued his work at the newly established Dutch Foundation for Statistics. 1943: compulsory military service in the Wehrmacht. 1944: prisoner-of-war in Paris, Chartres, Cherbourg (where he was a dockworker). 1946: returned to The Hague, and to the Foundation for Statistics. 1951-62: worked in statistical research for UNESCO. 1985: awarded the Hendrik-Nicolaas-Werkman Prize. Died 8 December 1988 in The Hague.

Writings by

  • De wereld van het zwart en wit (with Hans van Dokkum, Pam G. Rueter), Amsterdam/Antwerp: Wereld-Bibliotheek, 1959
  • Symbolen voor onderwijs en statistiek (with Kees Broos), Amsterdam: Mart. Spruijt, 1981.

Writings about

  • Uli Bohnen, Kees Vollemans, Politieke prenten tussen twee oorlogen, Nijmegen: SUN, 1973
  • Flip Bool, Kees Broos, Uli Bohnen, Gerd Arntz – kritische grafiek en beeldstatistiek (exh. cat ., Dutch/German), The Hague/Nijmegen: Haags Gemeentemuseum, 1976 (includes bibliography)
  • K. Broos, Bildstatistik in den zwanziger Jahren, Vienna and Munich: Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftsmuseum, 1982
  • K. Broos, ed., Gerd Arntz. De tijd onder het mes. Hout- & linoleumsneden 1920-70, Nijmegen, 1988
  • K. Broos and Paul Hefting, Dutch Graphic Design, London: Phaidon, 1993
  • Elisabeth Nemeth (with Paul Neurath), Otto Neurath oder Die Einheit von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft, Vienna: Böhlau, 1994
  • E. Nemeth (with Friedrich Stadler), Encyclopedia and Utopia. The Life and Work of Otto Neurath, Dordrecht, 1996
  • Meggs, 1998
  • www.iisg.nl
  • www.free.de/dada.
  • Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie, Munich, London, New Providence: K.G. Saur 1995- (from 1997: Munich only)., 1995
  • Ernst Fischer and others, Buchgestaltung im Exil 1933-1950. Eine Ausstellung des Deutschen Exilarchivs 1933-1945 Der Deutschen Bibliothek. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2003. Very comprehensive. , 2003, biog.: pp. 141-2

Exhibitions

  • Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, 1976
  • National Trades Union Museum, Amsterdam, 1997
  • Galerie Glöckner, Cologne-lindenthal, 2001
  • Galerie St Etienne, New York, 2001.

Collections

  • Galerie der Stadt, Remscheid.