Hermann Schardt

Biography

Publicity, posters, ex-libris, lettering, book jackets. Born 27 June 1912 in Essen. 1927-31: trained as a lithographer. 1931-3: studied at the Essen Folkwangschule and, 1935-40: taught there as head of department of graphics and commercial art. 1935: awarded Dürer Prize, City of Nuremberg. 1940-45: military service. 1945-8: freelance. From 1948: director of the Essen Folkwangschule. 1970-73: director of the German Poster Museum. Designed the typeface Folkwang (1955, Klingspor). Died 12 April 1984 in Essen.

Writings by

  • Paris 1900/Französische Plakatkunst (ed.), Stuttgart: Belser, 1968 (Paris 1900: Posters of an era ( ed .
  • D.J.S. Thomson, tr.), London: Thames & Hudson, 1970
  • Showmen, jugglers and artists (with others
  • exh . cat . of the Albert E. Fischer Coll.), Essen: Fredebeul & Koenen, 1980
  • Paris 1900, the art of the poster (compiler), London: Bracken Books, 1989.

Writings about

  • brief biography, Gebrauchsgraphik (International Advertising Art), Berlin: Phönix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH (later: ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’ Druck und Verlag GmbH), 1933-71. Published from Munich from 1950., Dec. 1956, p. 55
  • Vollmer, 1958
  • Hermann Schardt, Essen, 1972
  • HAH, 1991
  • Georg Wagner, ‘Hermann Schardt’, Exlibris, 1939, pp. 10-12
  • note on Folkwang, Form und Technik, 1955, p. 160
  • Archiv für Buchgewerbe und Gebrauchsgraphik, Leipzig: Deutsche Buchgewerbeverein., 1941, p. 106
  • showing of Folkwang, Gebrauchsgraphik (International Advertising Art), Berlin: Phönix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH (later: ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’ Druck und Verlag GmbH), 1933-71. Published from Munich from 1950., July 1955, p. 54
  • Klaus Andreas Dietsch, ‘Die Illustration – eine Erleuchtung. Der Künstler Hermann Schardt’, Illustration 63, August 1992, pp. 42-8 (includes bibliography and list of HS’s illustrated books).
  • Werner Suhr, ‘Hermann Schardt’, Gebrauchsgraphik (International Advertising Art), Berlin: Phönix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH (later: ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’ Druck und Verlag GmbH), 1933-71. Published from Munich from 1950., Dec. 1937, pp. 43-51
  • Eberhard Hölscher, ‘Hermann Schardt, posters and illustrations’, Gebrauchsgraphik (International Advertising Art), Berlin: Phönix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH (later: ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’ Druck und Verlag GmbH), 1933-71. Published from Munich from 1950., March 1950, pp. 12-20