Dutch. Born 15 September 1912. Studied book design in Leipzig. 1934-9: worked at the international advertising agency J. Walter Thompson in Amsterdam. 1940: fled to England where he designed for the Dutch government in exile; later joined Dutch army. After the war he remained in England. 1946-9: art director at Adprint. 1949-52: worked for the publisher Newman Neame. 1952-3: at Design Research Unit. 1954: started own practice; clients included John Courage, Cambridge Instruments, Clydesdale Bank. Died 12 November 1985 in London.
- obituary by , Design, March 1986, and , ed., Contemporary Designers, 1984). (from